Day One. 24/11/2018
Many definitions to learn
There is a standard problem solving technique used in ecosystem Management which varies slightly with other methodologies that I have learned.
Fire management and introduced species seem to the biggest issues facing ecosystems.
There are eight management issues for investigation of ecosystem management. Many issues, such as climate change, cut across all topics.
A holistic approach is needed to ecosystem management in that activities outside the selected or designated area have a massive impact on the impacted areas – water flows, wildlife transience, fires, etc.
Exploitation and habitat degradation are responsible for 2/3 loss of wildlife. Climate change responsible for nine per cent.
Nature can deal with human impacts but it depends on the amounts, eg toxic waste
Australia has the highest loss of biodiversity in the world!!! Never knew this.
There are many international agreements covering biodiversity protection and management. Some are strong, some are not.
Afternoon session covered problem solving. Went deeper and more technical than I had done before.
Case studies on Kruger NP and Macquarie Marshes spoke about local management plans or ‘adaptive management’. They are a standard management technique… Vision, mission, etc. Kruger covered: Maintain biodiversity, Benefit Tourism, Preserve wilderness and cultural
The ultimate outcome of any problem solving work is to “Make the obvious inescapable”
Deserts require just as much management as vegetated areas… Camels, foxes, etc.
Regression in parks management – grazing in Queensland, logging in New South Wales
Key new things
Need to think of ecosystems in a marine context well. Student from PNG gave a good example
Interesting debate on fire management. Australians live in bush fire danger areas and the government policy and community expectation is that fires will be put out. But fires are a part of ‘natures management system’ and therefore should be allowed to burn.
It is good see that Aboriginal issues are taken into account in ecosystem management. Eco system management therefore extend to cultures.
So if Australia has the highest loss of biodiversity in the world, how then will it cope in the future. When I was born the world population was 3.5 billion. It is now 7 ish billion. It is forecast to grow to 11 billion. When I was 11.6 million and it is now roughly double that. It is forecast to grow to between 40 and 70 billion. How will we handle.
Peter Cochrane said environmental management in AUS is managed, thanks to the constitution, by the states and territories. This is a major flaw.
Need a better understanding of the term biodiversity and its components.
Population growth management. Is a bigger Australia sustainable?
Convention for biological diversity (cbd). Need to understand international treaties.
Constitutional responsibility for environmental management is with the states and territories.
Download Parks Australia management strategy. http://www.environment.gov.au/system/files/resources/643fb071-77c0-49e4-ab2f-220733beb30d/files/nrsstrat.pdf
Download outcomes from World Parks Congress Meeting: http://worldparkscongress.org/drupal/sites/default/files/documents/news/Press%20Release-Promise%20of%20Sydney.pdf