What Is Adaptive Management?
Adaptive management incorporates research into conservation action. Specifically, it is the integration of design, management, and monitoring to systematically test assumptions in order to adapt and learn. however, it is not a panacea for solve all sides of the problem. A series uncertainty and unpredicitabiity things will be occurred in the process of adaptive management .testing assumption that is bout systematically and trying different actions to achieve a desired outcome
Monitoring and evaluation attempt to cope with an uncertain future and improve management outcomes.
Adaptive management is fundamentally a way of incorporating reflection into action to enhance the practice of conservation and learning.
1) integrate learning cycles
formalization management process should consider the process of learning and innovation instead of occurred outside. the concept of adaptive management as promoted into policy and management process suggests that learning process should become an integral part of any management regime and should be included in the design of adaptive polices as an important adaptation strategy rather than emerging by chance .
using past document to avoid making the same mistakes in the future . In addition the framework enable other people in the broader conservation community to benefit from your experiences.
Specific fields that we consulted include:
- Science and Philosophy — “The Scientific Method ”
- Social Sciences — “Social Learning ”
- Business Management — “The Learning Organization ”
- Professional Practice — “Reflection-in-Action ”
- Ecosystem Management — “Adaptive Management
collecting data :
Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area using adaptive management to establish an ongoing adaptive management cycle . Two key documents to support the adaptive management cycle —the statutory management plan for the area; and a linked ‘State of the Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area Report’ which evaluates the effectiveness of management under the plan, and identifies opportunities and proposed actions for improving management
It can be seen there were five main stages in the development of the adaptive management system:
- Establishment of enabling management arrangements
- Capacity building
- Management planning
- Effectiveness evaluation and reporting
- Establishment and consolidation of adaptive management
The period of the adaptive management cycle should suit the management context and purpose. In the case of the Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area, the period of the management cycle is about 10 years . Long-term management and monitoring programs will span multiple iterations of the adaptive management cycle.
Things did well in this process
Poorly understood ecosystems (such as marine protected areas) it may be difficult to know where to begin in developing meaningful statements of Key Desired Outcomes. Whereby the management of this project are compatible with the conservation of its natural and cultural values, and that enrich visitor experience. The outcomes:
KDO 6.1 Ecologically sustainable management of human use of the World Heritage Area to within acceptable, and where necessary defined limits. –
KDO 6.2 High levels of community and visitor satisfaction with: – The range and quality of recreational opportunities and facilities available; – The operations and services of the Parks & Wildlife Service, licensed tour operators, and concessionaires; and – The quality of their experience in the World Heritage Area. –
KDO 6.3 Cooperation of visitors and other users with the Parks & Wildlife Service, especially in caring for the World Heritage Area, its values, and assets.
All stakeholders now have ready access to detailed accurate information about management matters
HATCHED OVERLAY: Data deficient/ uncertain result: Assessment based on old/out-of-date data or incomplete data to support a sound assessment of performance.
Management: Requires a precautionary approach until more data become available.
Monitoring: Priorities for baseline monitoring and repeat surveys need to be kept under review as part of the ongoing monitoring program.
Inadequate resources and uncertainty of future funding;
inadequate community engagement and support;
political decisions were not always consistent with World Heritage management objectives