In recent years, there is an increasing trend of the public participation, which shows the democracy (Wagner et al., 2016). With the development of the social science and environmental management system (EMS), the public participation has an increasing significant role in the decision making process (Wagner et al., 2016). This essay will discuss the benefits and risks of public participation. It will focus on
There are a number of significant arguments in favour of public participation. Firstly, public participation in environment and sustainability policy is one entry point into larger issue of democracy (Dovers, et al., 2005). Because the public participation provides the opportunities for publics to join the decision making processes. Meanwhile, through the public participation, the decision making processes are transparent, which is beneficial for the general public to understand the environmental decision making process, policies making processes and so on. In addition, public participation is beneficial for meeting the need of citizens. The general public provide their ideas through the participation, which is beneficial for managers to understand what the general public needs are.
However, there are also some drawbacks of the public participation. The most significant one is the background of the participators. Because the general publics have different education experiences, for example, some people are professors in different areas, but others may no education experiences. Indeed, the rationalizations of ideas, which come from different people, are different. Therefore, some participations are not necessary. However, with the development of education, the problem is reducing.
In conclusion, there are significant arguments both for and against the public participation. Having discussed both sides, it seems clear that the advantages outweigh the disadvantages of public participation. In light of this, participation may be beneficial for many kinds of decision making processes.
Wagner, S, A; Vogt, S; Kabst, R 2016, The future of public participation: Empirical analysis from the viewpoint of policy-makers, Technological Forecasting & Social Change, VOL. 106, PP. 65–73
Dovers, S; Hussey, K 2005, Environment and sustainability: A policy handbook