Unit 9: Decision making methodologies

As the global trend towards industrialization accelerates, population boom and cities continue to grow ever larger, the environmental management is becoming an increasing challenge. Central to environmental management is the decision making process. This essay will evaluate the criteria of the good environmental decision. It will focus on human and environmental well-being, competence about facts and values, fairness in process and outcome, a reliance on human strengths rather than weaknesses, the opportunity to learn and efficiency (Dietz, 2003).

A good environmental decision making process should include six aspects, human and environmental well-being, competence about facts and values, fairness in process and outcome, a reliance on human strengths rather than weaknesses, the opportunity to learn and efficiency (Dietz, 2003). The first one is the human and environmental well-being. It means that the good decision making process should find out the balance between human well-being and environmental well-being. For example, when building a community, the impacts to the environment and ecosystem should be considered. The second one is competence about facts and values. Because that before making decision, decision makers do not know what will happen in the future, which means the uncertainty. Therefore, the decision making process should base on the comprehensive knowledge and experiences. The good decision making process should reduce the uncertainly. The third one is fairness in process and outcome, which means the fairness. All stakeholders can participate the decision making process and participation is also a significant factor in the decision making process. Next one is relying on human strengths, not weaknesses. The decision making process is a comprehensive process and in this process, the communication plays a significant role. Through communication, the weaknesses of decision making process can be found out and avoided. Furthermore, it is also a chance to learn. Because that in the decision making process, the decision makers can get large number of knowledge and experience from the stakeholders via the participation process. On the other hand, the decision may be fail and the decision makers can learn experience from the failed case. The final one is the efficiency. For example, the efficiency of the decision making about the endangered species is important, if not there may be negative impacts on the biodiversity.

In conclusion, the good decision making process should be made up by human and environmental well-being, competence about facts and values, fairness in process and outcome, a reliance on human strengths rather than weaknesses, the opportunity to learn and efficiency. If following these six factors, there may will be more good environmental decision making.

 

 

Reference

 

Dietz, T. (2003). What is a Good Decision? Criteria for Environmental Decision Making. Human Ecology Review, 10(1).

 

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