A framework for environmental risk assessment

Environmental risk deals with the probability of an event causing a potentially undesirable effect (Beer and Ziolkowski, 1996). Probability is the mathematical measure of risk and risk assessment determines the nature of the undesirable effect. Over the past two decades, risk management has attained maturity and become a tool for informed decision making. The framework…

The future trends of Adaptive management

With the increasing human influence on nature, human are facing a series of challenges such as sea level rise, biodiversity loss, declining food production and water scarcity. Adaptive management as a new approach is not a panacea for all problems, it is only appropriate in a subset of natural resource management problems where both uncertainty…

Multi-criteria analysis in environmental decision-making

Decision-making in environmental projects needs to consider the connections between social, political, environmental and economic impacts. Various stakeholder views also affect the outcomes of decision-making. Multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) as a formal methodology of decision-making utilizes existing technical information and stakeholder values to support decisions in many fields and can be especially valuable in environmental…

Scenario planning for environmental management

A scenarios is a story which describes potential future conditions and how they came about. Common scenario scopes include climate, socioeconomics, environment and water resources. Climate scenarios are based on climate projections and describes future climate. Socioeconomic scenarios characterize demographic driving forces, and the sensitivity, adaptability, and vulnerability of socioeconomic systems. Environmental scenarios describe future…

A new metric-based LCA methodology–6R methodology

During the process of environmental decision making, decision tools are necessary. Harding et al (2009) shows several tools for scoping decision options: Environmental Management Systems (EMS), Environmental Impact Assessment, State of the Environment and Corporate Environmental Reporting (SoE and CER), Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Ecological Footprint, Materials Flow Analysis, Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Risk Management…

Post-normal science and climate change issue

In the late 20th century, natural science have increasingly been used in various issues which are caused by the rapid development of technologies. Climate change, increased rate of extinction of species, environmental pollution are a few examples which may result in serious ecological, economical,social and cultural issues. In light of this, a reasonable knowledge is…

Benefits and challenges of stakeholder participation for environmental management

Firstly, I want to recommend you a wonderful video which introduces stakeholder engagement (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VHGTsEwbOJY). After that I will discuss the benefits and challenges of stakeholder participation for environment management. Stakeholder participation is an essential part of the process of decision making. For this reason, stakeholder participation in environmental decision-making has been increasingly sought and embedded…

Public participation in environmental decision-making in China

With the increasing awareness of environmental protection, public participation become an essential process in environmental assessment and decision-making. In terms of the degree of public participation, Arnstein’s(1969) ladder of participation provides an appropriate reference [3]. According to this, I will discuss some background of this topic in China. The legal requirements for transparency and public…